CORRUPTION IN PAKISTAN’S CIVIL BUREAUCRACY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF CUSTOMARY LAVISH EXPENDITURES
Received: 19.06.2021; Revised: 28.07.2021, Accepted: 21.09.2021, Published Online: 16.10.2021
Dr. Ayaz Khan
Director Research and Analysis, Counter Terrorism Department Police Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Email: email@example.com
The current article focuses on the cultural contexts of corruption in Pakistani society, with special reference to administrative norms. Data have been collected via a questionnaire based on the Likert scale and statistical analysis using the Chi-square test. At the level of bivariate statistics, data showed that perception of corruption was associated with some of the variables significantly. Policy recommendations and suggestions include reviving and revitalizing, at the family, educational and community levels, religious and moral values of honesty, commitment, uprightness and patriotism by active participation of all social segments with a special focus upon the media, religious leaders and teachers and politicians. Develop policies and laws based on research that will discourage corruption-friendly norms and establish educational anti-corruption courses on all levels; promote social equality in rights, regardless of the power of society’s members; devalue and demoralize corruption through legal sanctions and social sanctions, promoting admiration and honesty rewards.
Keywords: Corruption, Culture, customary lavish expenditure