Received: 19.06.2021; Revised: 28.07.2021, Accepted: 21.09.2021, Published Online: 11.10.2021

Dr. Ayaz Khan

Director Research and Analysis, Counter Terrorism Department Police Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Email:

Dr. Zahir Shah

Professor, Department of Political Science, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Email:

Muhammad Kashif Irshad

Coordinator Higher Education CPEC Unit, Higher Education Department, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Email:

Dr. Jamil Ahmad

Professor, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Peshawar, Pakistan




The focus of the current article was to determine the cultural contexts of corruption with specific reference to administrative norms within Pakistani society. Data was collected through a Likert scale based questionnaire and statistical analysis using the Chi-square test was used to establish associations between the variables. At the bivariate level, statistical analysis revealed that corruption perception was found to be significantly associated to certain variable. Based on the comprehensive findings of this research, a number of policy recommendations and proposals include: redefining and revitalizing religious and moral values of honesty, dedication, uprightness and patriotism at the family, educational and community levels through active participation of all societal segments with specific emphasis on media, religious leaders, teachers and politicians; the promotion of social equality in rights irrespective of power status of societal members; the devaluation and demoralization of corruption through legal punishments and social sanctions; the promotion of admirations and rewards for honesty; devising research based policies and legislation to discourage norms that promote corruption; and the introduction of anti-corruption courses at all educational levels in Pakistani society.  

Keywords: Corruption, Culture, Cultural Norms