GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MICRO-CLIMATE OF RESIDENTIAL UNITS IN THE OLD CITY OF KUFA
Received: 13.05.2021; Revised: 09.07.2021, Accepted: 30.07.2021, Published Online: 31.08.2021
Prof. Dr. Nisreen awaad abdoon
DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, COLLEGE OF EDUCATION FOR GIRLS – UNIVERSITY OF KUFA email@example.com
Researcher Ahmad Kadhem Abdullah
DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY, COLLEGE OF EDUCATION FOR GIRLS – UNIVERSITY OF KUFAahmedalkahlidyrrr2@gmail.com
Climatology is divided into two parts, a general climate that studies large parts of the earth’s surface such as the continents and oceans, and a detailed climate that studies very small regions such as residential units. The research is concerned with studying the detailed climate of housing units in the old city of Kufa. The study focused on the detailed geographical climate analysis of the housing units of the study area, based on the climatic data that were monitored and recorded in the field study of the researcher according to a specific program and timetable consistent with the nature of the study, and the urban identity reflected the nature of the climatic characteristics of the study area, the study relied on the study of the most important climatic elements The subject of the study is temperature and relative humidity. It is characterized by a hot climate with relatively high humidity due to the location of the study area on the banks of the Shatt al-Kufa, where the daily temperature range varies between the parts of the housing unit according to many factors and the largest difference in the daily thermal range is in the middle space (7 m) in winter (11 m) in summer, because there is no Adequate protection or adequate shading from temperatures and solar radiation, and the lowest difference in the daily temperature range in the basement was (0.6 m) in winter (7.5 m) in summer. The study area is located on the edge of the Shatt al-Kufa and occupies the banks of rivers, which makes it have a relatively high relative humidity compared to its surroundings.
Keywords: Microclimate, Housing Unit, Urbanization, Geography