INVESTIGATION ON FLOOD FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF ADYAR RIVER USING GUMBEL METHOD AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS
Received: 13.05.2021; Revised: 09.07.2021, Accepted: 30.07.2021, Published Online: 31.08.2021
1M. Tech (Hydraulics and Water Resource Engineering) Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Shahbad Daulatpur, Delhi – 110 042, email@example.com
S Anbu Kumar
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Shahbad Daulatpur, Delhi-110 042
ABSTRACT: Floods are the most affected natural disaster which may leads to damages in movable and immovable properties. Floods are caused due to the extreme rainfall such that which develops within short period of time. The major factors causing floods are events such as deforestation, uncontrolled urbanization and global warming. The major flood event that occurred in December 2015 during northeast monsoon season in Adyar river basin has driven attention from the public nationwide due to many peoples lost their life and properties. Flood frequency analysis plays major role in effective design of hydraulic structures such as roads, flood control structures, culvert, bridges, railways, spillways, urban drainage systems and waterways. The objective is to assess the flood frequency curve by Gumbel method and the Artificial Neural Networks (ANN)is a soft computing technique which is used to analyze the frequency of flood. To analyze the frequency of flood the various return periods were used to obtained the frequency curve using Gumbel method and ANN model was used for further accuracy in occurrence of flood. The results of analysis shows that the selected ANN models are more accurate and appropriate than Gumbel method. This study shows that ANN models can be effective tools for flood frequency analysis for water resource planners, managers and analyzers to take safety measures and save the nation.
Keywords: Flood Frequency Analysis, Adyar River, Gumbel Method, Artificial Neural Networks