BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS BY REPETITIVE MOVEMENT IN UPPER LIMBS IN WOOD SCULPTURE ARTISANS
Received: 24.08.2021; Revised: 30.09.2021, Accepted: 06.11.2021, Published Online: 30.11.2021
Guillermo Neusa Arenas
Occupational Health Specialist, zip code: 100105, Universidad Técnica del Norte, Ecuador. email@example.com, ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0699-1821
Edgar Vinicio Lema Cáceres
Industrial Engineering, zip code: 100105, Universidad Técnica del Norte, Ecuador. firstname.lastname@example.org, ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1387-8555
Vicente Ramiro Saraguro Paspuel
Industrial Engineering, zip code: 100105, Universidad Técnica del Norte, Ecuador. email@example.com, ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6244-5246
Julio Alberto Pambabay,
Master in Occupational Safety and Health, Master in Ergonomics, zip code: 170508. Sociedad Científica Ecuatoriana de Ergonomía SOCEERGO, Ecuador. firstname.lastname@example.org, ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9304-3808
There are several types of ergonomic risks, which can be generated at the time of performing various work activities. Among these risks is overstrain, which produces musculoskeletal disorders or injuries (MSD) in workers in the artisan sector of wood carvings, generating occupational clinical picture producing, among others, muscle fatigue, pain and inflammatory or degenerative injuries associated with the lower back and upper extremities. The present study is carried out in the MSMEs of the region of San Antonio de Ibarra, with a finite sample calculation of 706 artisans using the Nordic Kuorinka Questionnaire and the RULA postural evaluation, allowing the analysis of the upper extremities, and determining a result of exposure associated with occupational pathologies in the upper extremities, which cuase a deterioration of health in the short, medium and long term with symptoms in the activities and tasks to be carried out by these workers.
Keywords: MSME, Occupational exposure, MSD, Muscular Overstrain, Occupational Disease.