THE POLITICAL ROLE OF SOLAIM BIN MANSOUR TRIBE IN THE EASTERN COAST
OF THE ARABIAN GULF DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY: THE EMIRATE OF
BANDAR AL-REQ AS A MODEL
Received: 30.04.2021; Revised: 29.06.2021, Accepted: 28.07.2021, Published Online: 13.08.2021
Dr. Bader Hameed Mansi Alsulami
Assistant Professor of Modern History – College of Sharia and Islamic Studies – Department of History and Civilization – Umm Al-Qura University
This study aims to shed light on the role of local human resources and Arab tribes in preserving the Arabness of the Arabian Gulf region in general and the eastern coasts of the Arabian Gulf in particular, represented by the tribe called “Zaab bin Malik” belonging to the famous tribe called “Saleem bin Mansour,” which resides around Bandar Al-Req Port, during the eighteenth century AD, then shedding light on the port of Bandar Al-Req and providing a comprehensive overview of it; It is one of the most prosperous Gulf ports located on the eastern coast of the Arabian Gulf, which has become an important political and commercial center in the Persian Gulf. The study also showed the importance of this port, its geographical location, and its economies of exports and imports. The study mainly focused on the political aspect of the Emirate of “Bandar Al-Req” during the eighteenth century. So I dealt with the first Emir of Za’ab, Prince Hamad Al-Za’abi, and the consequences of his death, which leads to several disturbances. The study dealt with the era of Prince Muhanna bin Nasser Al-Zaabi, the Arab Prince who was able to make foreign powers at that time stand for him in fear and reverence. The study followed the “historical, descriptive” approach. The most important results were: That “Bandar Al-Req” is an Arab land since ancient times, and that the “Saleem bin Mansour” tribe represented by the “Zaab” tribe maintained the Arabness of the region for decades before its occupation with the planning of foreign powers and the support of Persia at the time.
Keywords: Salim Bin Mansour Tribe; Arabian Gulf; Eighteenth Century: The Emirate of Bandar Al-Req