WAR STANDS IN THE LINE OF INDEPENDENCE: EXPLORING HISTORICAL CONFLICT BETWEEN BANGLADESH’S SOCIAL DEMOCRACY AND PAKISTANI LEADERSHIP IN SELECTED LITERARY FICTION
Received: 24.08.2021; Revised: 30.09.2021, Accepted: 06.11.2021, Published Online: 29.11.2021
Hassan Bin Zubair
PhD Scholar (English Literature), Department of English, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad. (Pakistan), email@example.com ,
- Phil English (Literature), Visiting Lecturer in Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan. (Pakistan), firstname.lastname@example.org
PhD Scholar (English Literature), Lecturer (English), Department of Linguistics & Social Sciences, Begum Nusrat Bhutto Women University, Sukkur (Pakistan), email@example.com
This research explores Tahmima Anam’s A Golden Age as political writing in the context of the Bangladesh independence war, depicts an ideological conflict between Bangladesh’s social democracy and Pakistani political leaders. Bengali people’s participation in social democracy justifies their appeal for social equality and moral responsibility. During the divested civil conflict, they bear witness to physical pain, anxiety, displacement, and psychological fragmentation. Anam represents the traumatized Bangladesh self totally through the ongoing war of Bangladesh. The conflict of Bangladesh implies not only pain, victims, suffering, and struggling but also apparently visible through their persistent creed in social democracy. The major character Rehana becomes a traumatized individual because her life is triggered by traumatic experiences of war devastation in Dhaka thus feels the nightmare horrors of her son who is involved in the war as a freedom fighter. Similarly, her anxiety, witnessing of destructed scenes, nightmare, and fragmented psychology generate a traumatized individual.
Keywords:Trauma, War, Displacement, Social, Politics, Anxiety.