Received: 24.08.2021; Revised: 30.09.2021, Accepted: 31.10.2021, Published Online: 18.11.2021

Marwa Mohammed Salim Al-Batayneh

Teacher in the Arabic Language Division for other speakers :Email


       The tramp is a poetic and social phenomenon in Arabic literature from the pre-Islamic era until today, and it represents a symbol of rejection in modern poetry. Rejection of oppression, persecution, marginalization, and exclusion of the poet who interrogates his talent to express the pain of this rejection, especially poetry in the modern era carries many literary, heritage, religious, and historical symbols.  The modern poet calls for tools from the tramp in the heritage and then weaves through his suffering and discusses his issues relying on his psychological and social dimensions, which are different from the old tramp poets.  This study deals with “the poetry of the tramps recently, a critical reading” to shed light on many developments in the concept of the tramp recently. Furthermore, its motives, the circumstances that led to it, the social, literary, and psychological environment in which the phenomenon of tramp has been active in literature, and poetry in particular.  In the past, the tramp poets were a pariah group from their society because of their withdrawal from the tribal system. This category enjoyed attention from writers, authors, and historians in their time because of their poetic output. Impact, expressed by their circumstances and their creative and psychological motives on their behavior. There is no doubt that the environment has a clear impact on the lives of this group of poets, and their struggle against the forces surrounding them is an inevitable result of the feeling of their ability to reject this oppression. Which moves him from strength to impairment denied place, time, and society.

keywords: Poetry, Tramps, Modern, Tramp, Literary Criticism.