ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF GLOBALIZATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA
Pranab Rabi Das (M.A., NET)
Department of Education, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India.
Pranjit Kalita (M.A., NET)
Guest Faculty, Narangi Anchalik Mahavidyalaya, Guwahati, Assam, India
The present era is called the era of globalization. The term globalization refers to the integration of economies of the world through unrestrained trade and financial flows, as also through mutual exchange of technology and knowledge. There is an inextricable relationship between globalization and education. At present, globalization has affected all aspects as well as the overall process of the education system. The impact of globalization is immense, especially in the field of higher education. Higher education plays an important role in developing the nation to a great extent. Higher education in India is the third largest higher education system in the world. Again, India is having largest young population in the world. Therefore, higher education should be quality based, marching towards the pursuit of truth through knowledge and enlightened to open up new vistas of development and humanism. Such an education will ignite the minds of young citizens and build a healthy nation. In the context of globalization, India has been able to achieve some reforms in the education system but has not yet been able to make the higher education system global. This study discusses about globalization and its impact on Indian education system, various problems faced in the globalization of higher education in India and their effective measures.
Keywords: – Globalization, Higher Education, Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER), Development.