STUNTING PREVENTION POLICY IMPLEMENTATION MODEL IN INDONESIA: A CASE STUDY OF WEST JAVA PROVINCE
Universitas Langlangbuana, Bandung, Indonesia
Indonesia already has a number of stunting control policies and regulations which are realized in the form of both specific and sensitive interventions to achieve the target of reducing up to 14 percent in 2024, even zero stunting in 2030 in accordance with the targets set by the Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). West Java Province is one of the 12 priority provinces which has the highest prevalence of stunting in Indonesia in 2022, namely 24.5 percent. In addition, disparities between districts/cities are still wide where there are sharp differences between the two regions where the stunting prevalence rate is below 14 percent but there are four regions where the figure reaches 30 percent (Wahidin, 2022).
This paper aims to analyze the factors of policy implementation on stunting prevention in West Java Province by using a public policy implementation theory approach from Smith based on idealized policy factors, resources, target groups and environmental factors as dimensions. The research method used is an explanatory survey method with data collection sources from library studies and field studies which include questionnaires, observations, and interviews. The sampling method used is Simple Random Sampling. The selected sample (n) was 127 people. The data analysis method used in this research is path analysis. The results of the study show that policy implementation has a significant influence on the effectiveness of the stunting prevention program. Policy implementation is able to work more effectively through effective idealized policies, quality target groups, responsible implementing agencies and environmental factors that support policy implementation.
Keywords: Stunting, SDGs, Policy Implementation factors.