73RD CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT ACT AND FUNCTIONING OF PANCHAYATI RAJ INSTITUTIONS IN INDIA
Department of political science ,Gauhati university , Guwahati ,Assam
Department of political science , Gauhati university , Guwahati , Assam
In India ,Most of its population resides in rural areas and therefore the democracy should begin thereon in order to ensure good governance and a better functioning of democracy that we desire . To extend democracy to the rural India , the system of Panchayati Raj was established in India . The panchayatiRaj system is not a new concept and therefore is considered as one of the best ways of governance of the rural India . Good governance is considered as the control idea of Development. A system of structured governance empowers the government to deliver services to the citizen and to mobilize resource and revenue for the societal development. And it can only be achieved by participation of the different stakeholders of the development process. Because of its size and its relatively ambitious efforts to decentralize government, India provides an important context for understanding the ways in which decentralization can improve the performance and accountability of local government.
KEYWORDS: Panchayat ,Decentralisation ,Local governance , Development ,Participation