A FUTURE VISION TO DEVELOP THE CONTRIBUTION OF SOCIAL OBSERVATION HOUSES IN THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA IN ENHANCING THE INTELLECTUAL SECURITY OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTS
Dr. Turki Hassan Abu Al-Ela
Assistant Professor at Social Work Department, Social Sciences College, Umm Al-Qura University, KSA
Dr. Al-Sayyed Abdul Hameed Ibrahim
Professor at Social Work Department, Social Sciences College, Umm Al-Qura University, KSA
This research aims to develop a future vision for the development of the contribution of Social Observation Houses in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in enhancing the Intellectual Security of juvenile delinquents, and to identify the challenges facing Social Observation Houses in enhancing Intellectual Security. The research relied on the writings and practical studies concerned with Intellectual Security and Social Observation Houses. The research started from the Theory of Systems, Social Control and Rational Emotional Behavior Therapy Model as theoretical guides for research. The results of the current research reached to develop a future vision for the development of the contribution of Social Observation Houses in enhancing the Intellectual Security of House residents by setting indicators for developing houses and the requirements necessary to achieve those indicators and identifying the tools, skills and strategies required to achieve this. The results of the current research also reached to identify the challenges facing Social Observation Houses in promoting Intellectual Security, the most important of which is the lack of clear strategic plans to enhance Intellectual Security in houses, the weak capabilities and financial resources of houses, the lack of religious and cultural awareness among inmates, and the negativity of some inmates in participating in programs and activities The weak knowledge and skills of the house staff on issues of extremism and intellectual deviation, the lack of societal awareness of Intellectual Security issues, and the negative and inferior view of society towards delinquent juveniles. The current research also revealed that the most important factors necessary for developing the contribution of Social Observation Houses to enhancing the Intellectual Security of inmates are: The necessity of adopting Social Observation Houses for long-term strategic plans aimed at enhancing the Intellectual Security of its inmates and combating extremism and intellectual deviations, inclusion of Intellectual Security in the courses and educational curricula in the various stages of education for the inmates of the house, correcting the wrong negative mental image of delinquent juveniles in society, achieving partnership between Social Observation Houses and institutions interested in issues of Intellectual Security, benefiting from the experiences and expertise of other institutions spread regionally and globally and interested in issues of extremism and intellectual deviations.
Keywords: Social Observation Houses, Intellectual Security, Delinquent Juveniles.