THE EFFECT OF IMPROVING FISHERY TECHNOLOGY ON CHANGES IN
SOCIAL ECONOMIC INTERACTIONS OF FISHERING COMMUNITIES
Received: 19.08.2021; Revised: 28.09.2021, Accepted: 21.10.2021, Published Online: 03.11.2021
Lis M Yapanto, Arfiani Rizki Paramata
Faculty of Fishery and Marine Science, Gorontalo State University, firstname.lastname@example.org
The nature of the capture fishery business at sea is based on the existence of a high level of dependence among fellow actors, both among workers in operations at sea, as well as between workers and owners due to a large amount of capital involved, high risk at sea, and high uncertainty of business results. An analysis through a comparison of three types of fishing gear from simpler to modern (types of trammel net, payang, and purse seine), illustrates that the use of technology levels results in changes in social interaction patterns. With higher technology, the uncertainty of results can be suppressed so that interdependence is weakened. This is indicated by the nature of less open, indirect communication, and relationships that are increasingly impersonal and bureaucratic. The use of modern technology also brings about some changes in the relationship that tends to harm fishing workers, namely the higher number of working hours but not matched by the level of income they get. In addition, the weakening patron-client relationship between business owners and fishing workers has caused workers’ subsistence and social security, such as job security, to diminish.
Keywords: purseine fishing gear, fishing community, sociocultural, socio-economic, fishery technology