IMPACT OF JANANI SURAKSHA YOJANA ON UTILIZATION OF REPRODUCTIVE AND CHILD HEALTH SERVICES IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR, INDIA
Bilal Ahmad Mir
Ph.D. Scholar (Full Time) Centre of Rural Development, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu
Dr. P. Balamurugan
Associate Professor & Director, Centre for Rural Development, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, Email: mirhaleem11 @gmail.com
Historical background: During 2006-07, 13 thousand women have been covered under JSY. However, the number JSY beneficiaries declined from 13 thousand in 2006-07 to 8 thousand in 2008-09 because JSY was stopped in the year 2007-08 due to poor implementation and mismanagement of the scheme. Objective: The study attempts to evaluate the impact of Janani Suralsha Yojana (JSY) on utilization of reproductive and child health services in Jammu and Kashmir. Method and Sampling: The survey method has been used to collect data from respondents. The data was collected from 300 beneficiaries who were chosen by using a purposive sampling technique. Result: The result was found that cash incentives were disbursed among 87% beneficiaries among which majority of beneficiaries i.e. 48% have received cash amount between `600-1000 and most of the beneficiaries were motivated towards JSY by ASHAs i.e. 68 per cent. The study revealed that 77 per cent beneficiaries have received PNC checkup within 2-days after delivery. Further, the study also pointed out that most of the deliveries i.e. 87 per cent among the beneficiaries had taken place both in government and majority (77%) of the beneficiaries have received PNC checkup within 2 days after delivery. Conclusion: Thus concludes that the JSY undoubtedly contributed to a substantial improvement in institutional delivery and increased pressure on the public health system especially in PHC, rural hospitals.
Keywords: Institutional Deliveries, Postnatal Care, Maternity Benefit Scheme, Janani Suraksha yojna (JSY), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Angan Wadi Workers (AWW).